Nutfield village is situated on the ridge between Redhill and Bletchingley and is mentioned in the 1086 Domesday Book as ‘Notfelle’:
“The Countess of Bononia (Boulogne) holds of the King, Notfelle, which Ulwi held of King Edward. It was then assessed at 13 1/2 hides; now at 3 hides. The arable land amounts to 12 carucates. There are 3 carucates in demesne; and twenty-five villains, and ten bordars, with 13 carucates. There is a Church; and ten bondmen; and a mill at 2 shillings; and 10 acres of meadow. It yields 12 swine for herbage. At the time of King Edward it was valued at 13 pounds; afterwards at 10 pounds; now at 15 pounds, of 20 to the ora.”
Carucate: 100 acres of plough land
Hide: 60-100 acres, enough to support the family of a ‘hide’ or mansion
In pre-Roman times, the area was sparsely populated dense forest. During the Roman occupation, it was mainly used for hunting, with scattered villas or hunting lodges. Bletchingley houses the remains of a Roman villa and in 1755, an earthen pot containing almost 900 brass Roman coins was found in Nutfield. Nutfield’s Church of Saint Peter and Paul, also mentioned in the Domesday book, contains a tomb with a Latin epitaph.
It’s fascinating to explore the setting around Robert Denholm House. For example, it could make the ideal environment for a corporate treasure hunt!